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Penologists Michael Francke

Penologists

Michael Francke

Published
ISBN : 9781155572901
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 About the Book 

Purchase includes free access to book updates online and a free trial membership in the publishers book club where you can select from more than a million books without charge. Chapters: Michael Francke, Tom Murton, Thomas Mott Osborne, John Howard, Ruth Morris, Howard Zehr, Alexander Maconochie, Anton Praetorius, Evelyn Ruggles-Brise, Donald Cressey, Matthew Davenport Hill, David W Garland, Thorsten Sellin, Lewis Edward Lawes, Barry Matthews, Zebulon Brockway. Excerpt: Alexander Maconochie (11 February 1787 25 October 1860) was a Scottish naval officer, geographer, and penal reformer . Early life Maconochie was born in Edinburgh on 11 February 1787. He joined the Royal Navy in 1803 and as a midshipman he saw active service in the Napoleonic Wars and was a prisoner of war from 1811 to 1814. He later saw service in the British-American War against the United States . He was a founder, and first secretary of, the Royal Geographical Society in 1830, and in 1833 became the first professor of geography at the University of London, and was a knight of the Royal Guelphic Order . Penal reformer In 1836 he sailed to the convict settlement at Hobart in Van Diemens Land (now Tasmania ) as private secretary to the Lieutenant-Governor Sir John Franklin . Here he wrote a report strongly critical of the state of prison discipline. The convict system, being fixated on punishment alone, released back into society crushed, resentful and bitter expirees, in whom the spark of enterprise and hope was dead. Maconochies report can be said to mark the peak and incipient decline of transportation to Australia when it was given to Lord Russell, the Home Secretary and ardent critic of transportation, claims Robert Hughes. Although this report was used by the Molesworth Committee on transportation in 1837-38, the criticism of this work forced Franklin to dismiss him. According to his biographer John Barry, Maconochie was a deeply religious man, of generous and compassionate tempera...